To improve the accuracy of torque control for vector control of interior permanent-magnet synchronous machine (IPMSM), this study proposes a torque-sensorless control method based on cascaded sliding mode observer (SMO). First, the active flux model is discussed, which converts the model of IPMSM into the equivalent model of surface-mounted permanent-magnet synchronous machine. Second, to reduce chattering caused by system parameters variations and external disturbances, the cascaded observer is designed, which is composed of a variable gain adaptive SMO and an active flux SMO. The variable gain adaptive SMO is designed to estimate the speed, rotor position and stator resistance in the dq reference frame. The active flux SMO is designed to estimate the active flux and torque in the áâreference frame. Global asymptotic stability of the observers is guaranteed by the Lyapunov stability analysis. Finally, simulations and experiments are carried out to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.